The results showed that plant based products especially grain products were good at protecting against diet-related chronic diseases. Interestingly, tea was found to protect against major chronic diseases too but soft drinks were found to be the least protective.
The papers focused on the following chronic diseases: overweight/obesity, type 2 diabetes,heart disease and cancer. Other chronic diseases were under represented such as mental, skeletal and digestive health.
Whole Grains, Fibre and Health
By following a higher whole grain and dietary fibre diet it resulted in a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, abdominal obesity and certain cancers. It also suggested benefits for appetite control, digestive health, improved blood lipid levels and glycaemic control.
As a result of these findings the government and the food industry should work together to help the public know which foods are high in whole grains,e.g .breakfast cereals and dietary fibre(especially insoluble fibre) and communicating it accordingly.
Pregnancy, Iron and Childhood Wheeze
Higher Serum Transferrin Receptor (TFR) levels (an indicator of reduced iron status) were linked to increased wheeze while higher ferritin levels were linked to improved lung function.
These studies show that pregnancy iron status has a wider role to play in child health.
Data : Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) study; a cohort of children born in the 90s. Information about iron intake, status and child health from 157 mother-child pairs was analysed.