Do you Glug enough Water?
Water makes up 60% of an adults body weight, undergoing important roles such as transporting nutrients, removing waste and regulating temperature. Based on this, a new study has looked at the estimated water intake in Ireland.
The Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS) looked at 4 day semi-weighed food records from 1500 free living adults aged 18-90 years. Total water intake (i.e drinking water plus water from other beverages, as well as food moisture) was 2.3 litres per day. 67% came from beverages and 33% from foods.
Overall these findings were in line with European Guidelines, however intakes were lower in the elderly, those with less education, of lower social class, who were less active, had a higher body mass index or level of body fat.
Therefore these findings highlight the need to target these particular groups to ensure they drink enough water to support their health
Latest on Obesity.
Energy intake data was analysed from 5 day estimated food diaries of 1768 individuals forming part of the National Survey of Health and Development.
Results showed energy intakes were highest between meals. Irregular energy consumption at breakfast and between meals were linked to a significantly increased risk of cardiovascular metabolic syndrome (a cluster of metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors).
The European DIOGENES Study, a random controlled trial recruited 256 overweight or obese adults (BMI >27kg/m2).
All participants took part in an 8 week low calorie diet and were then allocated 5 different diets which varied in their protein content and glycaemic index. This took place over a year in an uncontrolled environment.
Over the 12 months the weight regained was lower in the high protein compared to the low protein group (2.0 v 2.8 kg) However high and low glycaemic diets didn’t affect levels of weight gain.
To conclude, irregular eating could affect metabolic profile while high protein diets seem to help weight management.